Amplicon sequencing analysis workflow using DADA2 and QIIME2
nfcore/ampliseq is a bioinformatics analysis pipeline used for amplicon sequencing, supporting denoising of any amplicon and supports a variety of taxonomic databases for taxonomic assignment including 16S, ITS, CO1 and 18S. Phylogenetic placement is also possible. Supported is paired-end Illumina or single-end Illumina, PacBio and IonTorrent data. Default is the analysis of 16S rRNA gene amplicons sequenced paired-end with Illumina.
The pipeline is built using Nextflow, a workflow tool to run tasks across multiple compute infrastructures in a very portable manner. It uses Docker/Singularity containers making installation trivial and results highly reproducible. The Nextflow DSL2 implementation of this pipeline uses one container per process which makes it much easier to maintain and update software dependencies.
On release, automated continuous integration tests run the pipeline on a full-sized dataset on the AWS cloud infrastructure. This ensures that the pipeline runs on AWS, has sensible resource allocation defaults set to run on real-world datasets, and permits the persistent storage of results to benchmark between pipeline releases and other analysis sources. The results obtained from the full-sized test can be viewed on the nf-core website.
By default, the pipeline currently performs the following:
- Sequencing quality control (FastQC)
- Trimming of reads (Cutadapt)
- Infer Amplicon Sequence Variants (ASVs) (DADA2)
- Optional post-clustering with VSEARCH
- Predict whether ASVs are ribosomal RNA sequences (Barrnap)
- Phylogenetic placement (EPA-NG)
- Taxonomical classification using DADA2; alternatives are SINTAX, Kraken2, and QIIME2
- Excludes unwanted taxa, produces absolute and relative feature/taxa count tables and plots, plots alpha rarefaction curves, computes alpha and beta diversity indices and plots thereof (QIIME2)
- Calls differentially abundant taxa (ANCOM)
- Creates phyloseq R objects (Phyloseq)
- Pipeline QC summaries (MultiQC)
- Pipeline summary report (R Markdown)
First, you need to know whether the sequencing files at hand are expected to contain primer sequences (usually yes) and if yes, what primer sequences. In the example below, the paired end sequencing data was produced with 515f (GTGYCAGCMGCCGCGGTAA) and 806r (GGACTACNVGGGTWTCTAAT) primers of the V4 region of the 16S rRNA gene. Please note, that those sequences should not contain any sequencing adapter sequences, only the sequence that matches the biological amplicon.
Next, the data needs to be organized in a folder, here
data, or detailed in a samplesheet (see input documentation).
Now, you can run the pipeline using:
Adding metadata will considerably increase the output, see metadata documentation.
By default the taxonomic assignment will be performed with DADA2 on SILVA database, but there are various tools and databases readily available, see taxonomic classification documentation.
Please provide pipeline parameters via the CLI or Nextflow
-params-file option. Custom config files including those
provided by the
-c Nextflow option can be used to provide any configuration except for parameters;
To see the results of an example test run with a full size dataset refer to the results tab on the nf-core website pipeline page. For more details about the output files and reports, please refer to the output documentation.
nf-core/ampliseq was originally written by Daniel Straub (@d4straub) and Alexander Peltzer (@apeltzer) for use at the Quantitative Biology Center (QBiC) and Microbial Ecology, Center for Applied Geosciences, part of Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen (Germany). Daniel Lundin @erikrikarddaniel (Linnaeus University, Sweden) joined before pipeline release 2.0.0 and helped to improve the pipeline considerably.
We thank the following people for their extensive assistance in the development of this pipeline (in alphabetical order):
Contributions and Support
If you would like to contribute to this pipeline, please see the contributing guidelines.
If you use
nf-core/ampliseq for your analysis, please cite the
ampliseq article as follows:
Interpretations of Environmental Microbial Community Studies Are Biased by the Selected 16S rRNA (Gene) Amplicon Sequencing Pipeline
Daniel Straub, Nia Blackwell, Adrian Langarica-Fuentes, Alexander Peltzer, Sven Nahnsen, Sara Kleindienst
Frontiers in Microbiology 2020, 11:2652 doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2020.550420.
You can cite the
nf-core/ampliseq zenodo record for a specific version using the following doi: 10.5281/zenodo.1493841
An extensive list of references for the tools used by the pipeline can be found in the
You can cite the
nf-core publication as follows:
The nf-core framework for community-curated bioinformatics pipelines.
Philip Ewels, Alexander Peltzer, Sven Fillinger, Harshil Patel, Johannes Alneberg, Andreas Wilm, Maxime Ulysse Garcia, Paolo Di Tommaso & Sven Nahnsen.
Nat Biotechnol. 2020 Feb 13. doi: 10.1038/s41587-020-0439-x.